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Data shows event-related potentials for the processing of musical semantics on a representative electrode (Cz). Musical excerpts were followed by a visually presented target words which were either congruent or incongruent to the musical pieces. Significant differences between conditions are marked with shaded areas in the waveforms. Postlingually deafened adults display a N400 effect similar to matched normal hearing controls, indicating that the processing of musical semantic content can be restored in CI users with previous hearing experience. By contrast, prelingually deafened participants, who received a CI as adults, did not show a N400 effect.